Explosive Sendung vom 26.06.2020
Ein Sprengstoff oder auch Explosivmittel ist eine chemische Verbindung oder eine Mischung chemischer Verbindungen, die unter bestimmten Bedingungen sehr schnell reagieren und dabei eine relativ große Energiemenge in Form einer Druckwelle. Explosiv - Das Magazin und Explosiv Weekend werden präsentiert von den Moderatorinnen Janine Steeger und Nazan Eckes. Die Show ▷ Explosiv (RTL) streamen & weitere Highlights aus dem Genre News & Magazine im Online Stream bei TVNOW anschauen. Jetzt mitfiebern! explosive Bedeutung, Definition explosive: 1. exploding or able to explode easily: 2. very loud and sudden, like an explosion: 3. An. ex·plo·sive [ɪkˈspləʊsɪv, ekˈ-, Am -ˈsploʊ-] ADJ. 1. explosive (able to blow up): explosive.
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Explosive VideoBond - Explosive
Explosive - "explosive" Deutsch ÜbersetzungMeine Wortlisten. Sodium azide may form shock sensitive and explosive compounds in contact with certain metals. There is an explosive growth in the number of shipments.
Keep scrolling for more More Definitions for explosive explosive. Entry 1 of 2 : able to cause an explosion : used for exploding something : relating to an explosion or caused by an explosion : tending to get angry very easily explosive.
Entry 1 of 2 1 : able to cause explosion the explosive power of gunpowder 2 : tending to show anger easily : likely to explode an explosive temper Other Words from explosive explosively adverb explosive.
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Login or Register. Save Word. See how your sentence looks with different synonyms. Synonyms for explosive fiery frenzied hazardous meteoric stormy tense touchy ugly uncontrollable unstable violent wild at the boiling point bursting charged consequential convulsive detonating detonative ebullient eruptive forceful fulminant fulminating impetuous overwrought perilous raging rampant vehement TRY explosive IN A SENTENCE BELOW.
Thorpe broke in with explosive warmth, lifting himself in his chair. Urquhart was a man of explosive action and had great reserve of strength.
The party of customers there had become aware of the explosive interlude in the doorway. It is defined by the power of the detonator which is certain to prime the explosive to a sustained and continuous detonation.
Reference is made to the Sellier-Bellot scale that consists of a series of 10 detonators, from n. In practice, most of the explosives on the market today are sensitive to an n.
The velocity with which the reaction process propagates in the mass of the explosive. Today, velocity of detonation can be measured with accuracy.
Together with density it is an important element influencing the yield of the energy transmitted for both atmospheric over-pressure and ground acceleration.
Stability is the ability of an explosive to be stored without deterioration. The term power or performance as applied to an explosive refers to its ability to do work.
In practice it is defined as the explosive's ability to accomplish what is intended in the way of energy delivery i. Explosive power or performance is evaluated by a tailored series of tests to assess the material for its intended use.
Of the tests listed below, cylinder expansion and air-blast tests are common to most testing programs, and the others support specific applications.
In addition to strength, explosives display a second characteristic, which is their shattering effect or brisance from the French meaning to "break" , which is distinguished and separate from their total work capacity.
This characteristic is of practical importance in determining the effectiveness of an explosion in fragmenting shells, bomb casings, grenades , and the like.
The rapidity with which an explosive reaches its peak pressure power is a measure of its brisance. Brisance values are primarily employed in France and Russia.
The sand crush test is commonly employed to determine the relative brisance in comparison to TNT. No test is capable of directly comparing the explosive properties of two or more compounds; it is important to examine the data from several such tests sand crush, trauzl , and so forth in order to gauge relative brisance.
True values for comparison require field experiments. Density of loading refers to the mass of an explosive per unit volume.
Several methods of loading are available, including pellet loading, cast loading, and press loading, the choice being determined by the characteristics of the explosive.
High load density can reduce sensitivity by making the mass more resistant to internal friction.
However, if density is increased to the extent that individual crystals are crushed, the explosive may become more sensitive.
Increased load density also permits the use of more explosive, thereby increasing the power of the warhead. It is possible to compress an explosive beyond a point of sensitivity, known also as dead-pressing , in which the material is no longer capable of being reliably initiated, if at all.
Volatility is the readiness with which a substance vaporizes. Excessive volatility often results in the development of pressure within rounds of ammunition and separation of mixtures into their constituents.
Volatility affects the chemical composition of the explosive such that a marked reduction in stability may occur, which results in an increase in the danger of handling.
The introduction of water into an explosive is highly undesirable since it reduces the sensitivity, strength, and velocity of detonation of the explosive.
Hygroscopicity is a measure of a material's moisture-absorbing tendencies. Moisture affects explosives adversely by acting as an inert material that absorbs heat when vaporized, and by acting as a solvent medium that can cause undesired chemical reactions.
Sensitivity, strength, and velocity of detonation are reduced by inert materials that reduce the continuity of the explosive mass.
When the moisture content evaporates during detonation, cooling occurs, which reduces the temperature of reaction. Stability is also affected by the presence of moisture since moisture promotes decomposition of the explosive and, in addition, causes corrosion of the explosive's metal container.
Explosives considerably differ from one another as to their behavior in the presence of water. Gelatin dynamites containing nitroglycerine have a degree of water resistance.
Explosives based on ammonium nitrate have little or no water resistance as ammonium nitrate is highly soluble in water and is hygroscopic.
Many explosives are toxic to some extent. Manufacturing inputs can also be organic compounds or hazardous materials that require special handing due to risks such as carcinogens.
The decomposition products, residual solids, or gases of some explosives can be toxic, whereas others are harmless, such as carbon dioxide and water.
An example of such is the lead-free primary explosive copper I 5-nitrotetrazolate, an alternative to lead azide. Explosive material may be incorporated in the explosive train of a device or system.
An example is a pyrotechnic lead igniting a booster, which causes the main charge to detonate. The most widely used explosives are condensed liquids or solids converted to gaseous products by explosive chemical reactions and the energy released by those reactions.
The gaseous products of complete reaction are typically carbon dioxide , steam , and nitrogen.
Explosives with an oxygen deficit will generate soot or gases like carbon monoxide and hydrogen , which may react with surrounding materials such as atmospheric oxygen.
By comparison, CDP detonation is based on the rapid reduction of carbon dioxide to carbon with the abundant release of energy. Rather than produce typical waste gases like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen and nitric oxides, CDP is different.
Instead, the highly energetic reduction of carbon dioxide to carbon vaporizes and pressurizes excess dry ice at the wave front, which is the only gas released from the detonation.
The velocity of detonation for CDP formulations can therefore be customized by adjusting the weight percentage of reducing agent and dry ice.
CDP detonations produce a large amount of solid materials that can have great commercial value as an abrasive:. The products of detonation in this example are magnesium oxide, carbon in various phases including diamond, and vaporized excess carbon dioxide that was not consumed by the amount of magnesium in the explosive formulation.
Oxygen balance is an expression that is used to indicate the degree to which an explosive can be oxidized. If an explosive molecule contains just enough oxygen to convert all of its carbon to carbon dioxide, all of its hydrogen to water, and all of its metal to metal oxide with no excess, the molecule is said to have a zero oxygen balance.
The molecule is said to have a positive oxygen balance if it contains more oxygen than is needed and a negative oxygen balance if it contains less oxygen than is needed.
Oxygen balance applies to traditional explosives mechanics with the assumption that carbon is oxidized to carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide during detonation.
In what seems like a paradox to an explosives expert, Cold Detonation Physics uses carbon in its most highly oxidized state as the source of oxygen in the form of carbon dioxide.
Oxygen balance, therefore, either does not apply to a CDP formulation or must be calculated without including the carbon in the carbon dioxide.
A chemical explosive may consist of either a chemically pure compound, such as nitroglycerin , or a mixture of a fuel and an oxidizer , such as black powder or grain dust and air.
Some chemical compounds are unstable in that, when shocked, they react, possibly to the point of detonation. Each molecule of the compound dissociates into two or more new molecules generally gases with the release of energy.
The above compositions may describe most of the explosive material, but a practical explosive will often include small percentages of other substances.
For example, dynamite is a mixture of highly sensitive nitroglycerin with sawdust , powdered silica , or most commonly diatomaceous earth , which act as stabilizers.
Plastics and polymers may be added to bind powders of explosive compounds; waxes may be incorporated to make them safer to handle; aluminium powder may be introduced to increase total energy and blast effects.
An oxidizer is a pure substance molecule that in a chemical reaction can contribute some atoms of one or more oxidizing elements, in which the fuel component of the explosive burns.
On the simplest level, the oxidizer may itself be an oxidizing element , such as gaseous or liquid oxygen.
The availability and cost of explosives are determined by the availability of the raw materials and the cost, complexity, and safety of the manufacturing operations.
A primary explosive is an explosive that is extremely sensitive to stimuli such as impact , friction , heat , static electricity , or electromagnetic radiation.
Some primary explosives are also known as contact explosives. A relatively small amount of energy is required for initiation.
As a very general rule, primary explosives are considered to be those compounds that are more sensitive than PETN.
As a practical measure, primary explosives are sufficiently sensitive that they can be reliably initiated with a blow from a hammer; however, PETN can also usually be initiated in this manner, so this is only a very broad guideline.
Additionally, several compounds, such as nitrogen triiodide , are so sensitive that they cannot even be handled without detonating.
Nitrogen triiodide is so sensitive that it can be reliably detonated by exposure to alpha radiation ; it is the only explosive for which this is true.
Primary explosives are often used in detonators or to trigger larger charges of less sensitive secondary explosives. Primary explosives are commonly used in blasting caps and percussion caps to translate a physical shock signal.
In other situations, different signals such as electrical or physical shock, or, in the case of laser detonation systems, light, are used to initiate an action, i.
A small quantity, usually milligrams, is sufficient to initiate a larger charge of explosive that is usually safer to handle.
A secondary explosive is less sensitive than a primary explosive and requires substantially more energy to be initiated.
Because they are less sensitive, they are usable in a wider variety of applications and are safer to handle and store.
Secondary explosives are used in larger quantities in an explosive train and are usually initiated by a smaller quantity of a primary explosive.
Tertiary explosives , also called blasting agents , are so insensitive to shock that they cannot be reliably detonated by practical quantities of primary explosive , and instead require an intermediate explosive booster of secondary explosive.
These are often used for safety and the typically lower costs of material and handling. The largest consumers are large-scale mining and construction operations.